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Location

Geography: Bulgaria is a country with diverse relief, high mountains, luxuriant valleys and a coastline with rocky bays and large and sunny beaches.

Climate: Bulgaria has a temperate climate, with cold winters, warm springs and autumns and hot summers. The average temperature during the summer is 28-32 degrees Celsius, and the temperature of the sea water is normally 24-26 degrees.

Language: The official language of Bulgaria is Bulgarian, but many local people speak Russian, English, German and French.

Cuisine: Bulgarian cuisine is an exotic combination of Oriental, Mediterranean and European cuisines.


About Bulgaria

Sofia, Bulgaria map

Bulgaria lies in the Balkan Peninsula in South-Eastern Europe and has a territory of 111 000 square kilometers. The country borders with the Black sea to the East, the Republic of Macedonia and Serbia to the West, Greece and Turkey to the South and Romania to the North, mostly along the River Danube.

The capital of Bulgaria is Sofia. It is one of the oldest European cities, found by the Thracian tribe Serdi 7000 years ago. Around BC 29 Sofia (ancient Serdica) became the administrative center of the Roman province Inner Thrace. During the Antiquity and the Middle Ages Sofia played an important role in the trade of the Roman Empire and the First Bulgarian Kingdom. Afterwards, during the Ottoman Rule Sofia became the capital of the Ottoman province Rumelia. In 1879 Sofia was pronounced the capital of autonomous Bulgaria with a population of only 20 000. Nowadays many streets, parks, buildings and even residential districts have treasured their distinctive architecture.

Bulgaria is a country with ancient culture. On Bulgaria's territory have been found the oldest golden treasures, Thracian monuments, ancient art and cultural heritages in Europe.


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